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Running Shoe Types
There are 3 running shoe types. They're specially designed for running and more specifically the running action of certain foot types. This is vital to prevent common injuries that occur with certain foot types when running with a normal training shoe. For this reason before running and buying running shoes you should determine your foot type so you can choose the best fit of the running shoe types.
Motion control running shoes
Motion control running shoes are designed for people who have low arches or flat feet , these are feet with a very low arch if any arch at all. Runners with this foot type when running will usually strike the ground on the outer edge of the foot.
The weight then transfers from the heel up the foot and the foot excessively rotates inward, this is called overpronation. This needs a specialist running shoe as overpronation can cause injuries as the weight transfers unnaturally.
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Stability running shoes
Stability running shoes are designed for people who have normal or medium arched feet. There is an arch to the foot and in height is around the level of the toes. The foot would leave a print like the one on the left.
When running the foot strikes the ground at the middle to outside of the heel. The weight then travels along the foot and rolls slightly inward on to the ball of the foot and leaves through the toes. This is a totally natural running action for the normal foot type.
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Cushioned running shoes
Cushioned running shoes are designed for people who have a high arched feet. Their foot print will leave a thin band at the edge of the foot. Some will not have a band at all and the arch will expand the whole way across the foot.
When running the weight travels from the heel strike along the outer edge of the foot and through to the small toes which bare the brunt of the lift off. The foot has barely any rotation and this is called underpronation or supination.
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